The Basic Principles of Ayurveda Treatment in Kerala
Ayurveda is apparently the oldest healing system which originated in India almost 5000 years ago. One of the four Vedas, Atharva Veda is the mother of Ayurveda and this is the reason why Ayurveda is also considered as Upveda of Atharva Veda. There are various legends and mythological explanation about the creation of Ayurveda. While some suggest, Brahma dictated it to the scholarly saints, others believe that it has been derived from books like Susrutha Samhita and Charak Samhita. The underlying principle which forms the base of Ayurveda suggests that everything, whether living or dead are connected to each other and a balance has to be struck between them. The Ayurvedic approach towards the human body suggests that the bodily substances are under the framework of five elements- earth, wind, space, fire and water. Ayurveda also enlists the seven tissues that the human body comprises which are plasma, blood, muscles, fat, bone, marrow and semen. Elaborating further, Ayurveda introduces the term “Dosha”. There are three doshas inhuman, namely Pitta, Vata and Kapha, which are a combination of two elements. The imbalance in these doshas are responsible for ailments and diseases. Every Ayurvedic treatment is aimed towards fostering harmony and restoring the doshas.
- * The five elements mentioned in the Ayurveda are related to the three established energy source of the universe- Sun, Moon and Wind.
- * The concept of TriGunas suggests that there are three Gunas or primary qualities-which are Sattwik, Rajsic and Tamsik.
- * Sattwik infers pleasure, Rajsic infers pain and Tamsic infers delusion.
Basic Principles of Ayurveda and their importance
The doshas, are the life force for a human being, have different seats in the human body and control different functions. The functions of Vatha Dosha are assimilation of energy, inspiration and expiration, actions, impulse, functions of dhathus (tissues) and indriyas (senses). The seat of Vatha dosha is the lower part of the body. Pitt dosha performs the functions of digestion, temperature of the body, hunger, thirst, intelligence, taste, courage, beauty and softness of the body. The seat of this dosha is in the middle part of the body. The last dosha, called the Kapha dosha is related to the stability of the body and strength of the joint. Its seat is in the upper part of the body. Every individual has all the dosha in his or her body, but the dominant one, which is the life force renders the feature to the individual. Body types, hunger, thirst, quality of skin, teeth, gums, hairs are all decided by the dosha. There are various other concepts of Ayurveda like Agni (digestive fire), Mala (Stool), Koshtam (bowel movement) and Prakriti (the tridosha constitution of the body). Prakriti is the component that decides the physical, functional and psychological features of the human body. The Ayurvedic treatments are basically aimed towards striking a balance between these doshas and restore the harmony between body, mind and soul.
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